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This glossary defines terms that are used in the HP Media Vault. For easy access, click a letter in the glossary index.





A device that provides multiple network features such as a router, modem, LAN switch, firewall, and/or a wireless access point.

Anti-virus software

Software that checks a hard drive for viruses (harmful computer code) that may infect a computer.

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Browser window

A browser window is used to display web pages either on a web site or stored locally such as the HP Media Vault User's Guide.

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Common Internet File System (CIFS)

A protocol for how a computer requests files from other computers on the network. This is the public version of the Server Message Block protocol by IBM and modified by Microsoft.


Combines disk space on multiple disk drives into one logical volume.

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Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA)

An alliance of leading companies in consumer electronics. Its purpose is to create industry standards that will allow products from all companies to be compatible with each other and to enable a network of electronic devices in the home.

Digital Media Adapter (DMA)
Digital Media Receiver (DMR)
Digital Media Player (DMP)

A consumer electronic device that communicates with the HP Media Vault and brings digital media streams—such as photos, music, or video—to your entertainment center.

Digital Rights Management

Technology built into digital media, such as music and movies, that allows companies in charge of their copyrights to decide how and where media can be used.

Domain Name System (DNS)

A server that associates network names with IP addresses.

Domain Extension

A domain extension is an optional part of a network name used to logically divide a large network into smaller networks.

Drive partition

A logical division of a hard disk that create the appearance of having separate hard drives for file management, multiple users, or other purposes.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)

The Protocol used to assign IP addresses to network devices, such as computers. DHCP automatically assigns IP addresses to network devices; the assigned address can change over time. Also see Static IP Address.

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No terms begin with the letter E.

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The 32-bit version of the "File Allocation Table" file system developed by Microsoft, common to older versions of the Windows operating systems. Also see NTFS.

File system

A way for files to be organized and stored in a computer. Some examples of file systems are Reiser, FAT32, and NTFS.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

A protocol to exchange files and information through the internet, usually used for downloading information.

Full access

Users have access to all Shared Folders and drives on a network

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Gateway server

A network device that connects one network to another network.

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Host-based printer

The print page is rendered on the PC rather than on the printer.

HTTP Access

Allows you to access folders and files on your media vault in a browser window.

HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The format used to transfer and send web page information across networks, on the internet, and in help systems. Also see protocol.

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IP Address

An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a number that uniquely identifies devices, such as computers, on a network.

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See concatenate.

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No terms begin with the letter K.

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An operating system based on UNIX.

Local area network (LAN)

A small number of computers that are connected together in a small area, usually in the same building.

Logical volume

A device, such as a drive partition named by the logic of a software system, regardless of its physical relationship to the system. For example, a computer with a single physical hard drive that contains two logical drives, C: and D:. Another example is an HP Media Vault with two hard drives that contains a single logical volume spanning both drives.

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Map drive letters

Mapping drive letters means assigning a letter on a PC to a Shared Folder on the HP Media Vault.

Media Access Control (MAC) Address

A unique number assigned by the manufacturer to all devices, such as computers, that can connect to a network. Also known as a physical address.

Media streaming

Media streaming sends media—music, photos and video files—from the Media Vault to other devices that can play the media. The HP Media Vault includes functionality that allows media to stream to a Digital Media Adapter (DMA).


The automatic copying of data on two separate physical disks that creates two separate copies of the same material. If one disk fails, a copy of the material will be available on the other disk.

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Network address

A numeric value that uniquely identifies a device on a network.

Network File System (NFS)

A file system commonly used in Linux systems. NFS allows users to access files on other network computers as if they were stored locally on their own computer.

Network computer

A computer that is connected to other computers, creating a network..

No access

A setting that does not allow a user to access files and folders on the shared network.

NTFS (New Technology File System)

Current standard file system for Windows. NTFS replaced Microsoft's previous FAT32 file system, and improves performance, reliability, disk space, and security.

NTP Server

NTP stands for Network Time Protocol, which allows the HP Media Vault to update its internal date and time automatically.

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No terms begin with the letter O.

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A logical division of a physical hard disk. A partition divides a physical disk into separate units, which can be formatted independently.

Physical disks
Physical hard drive

The actual hard disk(s) located in a device that stores files and data.


The standard(s) of how computers communicate data with each other.

Privilege level

A level assigned by the user that decides what access levels are available to other users..

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No terms begin with the letter Q.

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RAID stands for redundant array of independent disks. RAID is a system which uses multiple hard drives to share or replicate data among the drives. RAID-1 creates an exact copy or mirror of a set of data on two or more disks.

Read only

A setting that does not allow the user to write data. The user is only able to read information.

Reiser FS

A computer file system used in the Linux operating system. HP Media Vault uses a modified form of Reiser FS.


A device connected to your computer that joins two or more networks. For example, a router connects your local network to the internet.

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Serial ATA (SATA)

Serial Advanced Technology Attachment is an interface standard that moves information to and from a storage device, such as a hard disk.

Shared Folder

A “Share” means the same as “Shared Folder,” and you can use these terms interchangeably: A Share is a top-level folder that stores other folders within it. For example, FileShare and MediaShare can store other folders (called sub-folders).

Static IP Address

A number assigned to a device, such as a computer, on a network to be its permanent IP address. Also see DHCP.


A folder within a folder or a Shared Folder.

Subnet Mask

Identifies the portion of the network IP address that can be used for subnetworks.

System drive

The hard drive (or drive partition) containing the operating system.

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TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)

A set of communications protocols used to transmit data over networks. TCP provides for the establishment of connections and exchanges streams of data. IP specifies the format of the data. Also see IP Address.


Refers to a data storage capacity equal to approximately 1000 gigabytes.

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Uniform Naming Convention (UNC)

UNC identifies shared network devices, such as the HP Media Vault. It is a format for specifying the location of resources on a local-area network (LAN). It identifies each shared resource with a unique address.


For example: \\HPMediaVault\FileShare


Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a networking protocol that allows for many different types of devices to interact with one another. UPnP is the protocol used by media streaming.

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One copy of a file. A version is created when a file is modified and the original copy is kept. When configuring the backup option, the NTI Shadow software allows you to save multiple versions of a file. The backup versions would be named as follows: mydocument(00).doc (the initial version), mydocument(01).doc (the first version), and so on.


A partition formatted with a specific file system, such as Reiser or Fat32. Also see logical volume.

Volume name

A name given to a logical volume designated on a hard drive.

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Web browser

An application used to access information on networks, on the internet, and in help systems. Common web browsers include Internet Explorer, Netscape, Firefox, and Safari.

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)

A technology that allows for increased security with wireless networks.

WINS Server

WINS (Windows Internet Naming Service) is a server that converts NetBIOS network names to IP addresses.

Wireless Access Point (WAP)

A device, such as a wireless router, that connects wireless communication devices together to form a wireless network. A WAP often connects to a wired network, and can relay data between wireless devices and wired devices.

Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)

A protocol that encrypts data on a wireless system for security.

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No terms begin with the letter X.

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No terms begin with the letter Y.

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No terms begin with the letter Z.

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